Understanding Simple Agreements for Future Equity (SAFEs) for New Entrepreneurs


As a new entrepreneur, it’s crucial to understand the various legal instruments available to support your startup’s fundraising efforts. One such instrument gaining popularity is the Simple Agreement for Future Equity (SAFE). This article aims to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of SAFE, its key features, benefits, and potential considerations. By the end, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge to make informed decisions about utilizing SAFE for your startup’s capital raising needs.

What is a SAFE?

A Simple Agreement for Future Equity (SAFE) is a legal instrument used by early-stage startups to secure investment from investors. Unlike traditional equity financing, SAFE is a debt-free instrument that provides investors with the right to receive equity in the company at a future predetermined event, such as a future equity financing round or a liquidity event. It is a flexible and founder-friendly alternative to convertible notes.

Key Features of a SAFE:

No Interest or Repayment Obligations: Unlike traditional loans or convertible notes, a SAFE does not accrue interest or require repayment of the invested amount. This feature relieves startups from immediate cash flow pressures and allows them to focus on growth.

Conversion to Equity: Upon the occurrence of a specified triggering event, typically an equity financing round, the investment amount under the SAFE will convert into equity. The conversion is usually at a predetermined valuation or with a discount from the future equity price.

Valuation Cap: To protect investors from excessive dilution, a SAFE often includes a valuation cap, which sets the maximum valuation at which their investment can convert into equity. This cap ensures that investors receive a fair share of the company’s future success.

Discount Rate: In addition to the valuation cap, a SAFE may include a discount rate. This discount allows investors to convert their investment into equity at a lower price per share compared to the price paid by the subsequent equity investors. The discount rate rewards early investors for taking on higher risk.

Benefits of SAFE:

Simplicity and Efficiency: SAFE documents are relatively simple compared to other fundraising instruments, reducing legal costs and facilitating faster fundraising rounds.

Delayed Valuation: SAFE allows startups to delay determining their valuation until a subsequent equity financing round. This flexibility benefits both startups and investors by avoiding protracted negotiations over valuation at the early stages.

Investor Protections: The valuation cap and discount rate provisions in a SAFE protect investors from future dilution and reward them for their early investment.

Potential Considerations for Entrepreneurs:

Dilution: As a founder, it’s important to carefully consider the potential dilutive effects of future equity conversion under a SAFE. Balancing the benefits of securing early-stage capital with the impact on future ownership and control is crucial.

Investor Rights: While SAFE typically does not grant investors voting rights or control over company decisions, it’s important to review the specific terms of the agreement. Founders should ensure that the rights provided to investors align with their long-term strategic vision for the company.

Complementary Fundraising: SAFE can be used alongside other fundraising instruments, such as convertible notes or preferred stock, depending on the startup’s specific needs and investor preferences.


Understanding the key features, benefits, and potential considerations of a Simple Agreement for Future Equity (SAFE) is essential for new entrepreneurs seeking to raise capital for their startups. By leveraging SAFE, startups can simplify and expedite their fundraising efforts, while investors gain the opportunity to participate in the company’s future success. As with any legal instrument, it’s advisable to consult with an experienced startup lawyer to ensure that the terms

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